A literary work as self-reflection of the author: Why and how it is manifested

Idha Nurhamidah, Sugeng Purwanto, Nur Ekaningsih


Anyone on earth may at one time or another reflects him or herself in a way he or she feels comfortable—be it as simple as writing up a phrase “Go to Hell with Communism!” on a wall of an old building. In this respect, he or she has reflected him or herself that he or she does not agree with the ideology of communism. The current study investigated to justify that literary works reflect the ‘selves’ of the authors in one or more possible ways. A poet may, to reflect him or herself, be characterized as employing particular styles or diction. A novelist may try to involve in one of the characters he or she has developed in order to reflect him or herself. In this study, a novel entitled “Pride and Prejudice” by Jane Austen (1813) was investigated to justify that the author (Austen) reflected herself in one of the characters in the novel. The findings reveal that Austen tried to manifest herself in one of the characters called ‘Elizabeth Bennet’ in three different ways: (1) how she behaved in her family (loving all family members, especially being close to her father), (2) how she spent most of the time—reading to broaden the horizon of thinking. As a result, she could (3) skillfully negotiate with other people through their positive sides. The study concludes that everyone, of whatever professions he or she has, will reflect him or herself in a way he or she may not realize.


literary work; self-reflection; novelist; character

Full Text:



Ash, R., & Titchener, F. B. (2015). Fame and Infamy: Characterization in Greek and Roman Biography and Historiography. Oxford University Press.

Austen, J. (2001). Pride and prejudice. Broadview Press.

Austen, J. (2004). Sense and sensibility. OUP Oxford.

Austen, J. (2011). Jane Austen’s letters. Oxford University Press.

Austen, J. (2018). Emma. In Medicine and Literature, Volume Two (pp. 19–34). CRC Press.

Bausells, M. (2014). Jane Austen in quotes: 30 tips for a successful life.

Bunnell, T., & Ann Miller, M. (2011). Jakarta in post-Suharto Indonesia: decentralisation, neo-liberalism and global city aspiration. Space and Polity, 15(1), 35–48.

Cartmell, D., & Whelehan, I. (2013). Adaptations: from text to screen, screen to text. Routledge.

Collins, I. (2003). Jane Austen and the Clergy. A&C Black.

Eisner, W. (2008). Comics and sequential art: Principles and practices from the legendary cartoonist. WW Norton & Company.

Frantzis, B. (2008). The chi revolution: Harnessing the healing power of your life force. Blue Snake Books.

Goleman, D. (2013). Rich people just care less. New York Times, 5.

Grundy, I. (2011). Jane Austen and literary traditions. The Cambridge Companion to Jane Austen, 2, 192–214.

Halsey, K. (2013). Jane Austen and Her Readers, 1786–1945. Anthem Press.

Hollingsworth, P. (2017). Spirituality of Jane Austen. Lion Books.

Jones, H. (2009). Jane Austen and marriage. Bloomsbury Publishing.

Koopman, E. M. E., & Hakemulder, F. (2015). Effects of literature on empathy and self-reflection: A theoretical-empirical framework. Journal of Literary Theory, 9(1), 79–111.

Liamputtong, P., & Ezzy, D. (2005). Qualitative research methods (Vol. 2). Oxford university press Melbourne.

Lynn, J., & Adamson, D. M. (2003). Living well at the end of life. Adapting health care to serious chronic illness in old age. RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA.

Muzakki, A. (2011). Karya sastra: mimesis, realitas atau mitos? LiNGUA: Jurnal Ilmu Bahasa Dan Sastra, 2(1).

Newton, J. L. (1978). “ Pride and Prejudice”: Power, Fantasy, and Subversion in Jane Austen. Feminist Studies, 4(1), 27–42.

Palomäki, J., Laakasuo, M., & Salmela, M. (2013). “Don’t Worry, It’s Just Poker!”-Experience, Self-Rumination and Self-Reflection as Determinants of Decision-Making in On-Line Poker. Journal of Gambling Studies, 29(3), 491–505.

Paris, B. J. (2017). Character and conflict in Jane Austen’s novels: a psychological approach. Routledge.

Purwanto, S., & Nurhamidah, I. (2018). First love simplicity: A systemic-functional perspective study of Karina Del Campo’s Do You Remember Our Love? EduLite: Journal of English Education, Literature and Culture, 3(2), 161–172.

Saeed, A. (2002). What’s in a name? Muhammad Ali and the politics of cultural identity. Sport in Society, 5(3), 52–72.

Shariff, S., & Gouin, R. (2005). Cyber-dilemmas: Gendered hierarchies, free expression and cyber-safety in schools. In Oxford Internet Institute conference at Oxford University, Oxford, UK. Retrieved November (Vol. 20, pp. 147–154).

Suddendorf, T., & Corballis, M. C. (2007). The evolution of foresight: What is mental time travel, and is it unique to humans? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 30(3), 299–313.

Tucker, G. H. (1995). Jane Austen the Woman: Some Biographical Insights. Palgrave Macmillan.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30659/e.4.2.194-203

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

EduLite Journal of English Education, Literature and Culture is published by Language and Communication Science Faculty (former Language Faculty), Universitas Islam Sultan Agung (UNISSULA), Indonesia, in collaboration with Persaudaraan Dosen Republik Indonesia (PDRI).

Contact us: EduLite Journal of English Education, Literature and CultureJl. Raya Kaligawe Km.4, PO BOX 1054/SM Semarang 50112, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: reviews_edulite@unissula.ac.id.