Representation of authors’ worldview in selected poems of Mabala, Summons: poems from Tanzania (A genetic structuralism analysis)

Astelia Mihayo, Ida Bagus Putera Manuaba


This paper examines the worldview of Tanzanian poetry in English. It focuses on selected poems of Mabala (1980) entitled Summons: Poems from Tanzania. The study places the poems under Lucien Goldmann’s genetic structuralism approach and argues against the historical context and discourse of Tanzania between 1960s and 1980’s. Specifically, the study analyses the author’s social and historical conditions influenced the production of the Summons poetry and showcases how the author’s worldview in particular poems in general are creatively explored in the social realities. The exploration of worldview in selected poems congruence the social and historical realities and the Socialism ideology [society’s worldview or global structure]. In other words, the exploration of the worldview in the selected poems confirms the homology of the global structure. The poems construct the ideal values of socialist state that seemed relevant in the post-independence Tanzania. They, in one or another provide the historical account for the building of Socialism ideology. They are about and against the ideology which confuse the vision people have of themselves and of their lives and the friction that failed the implementation of Socialism ideology. The study appropriates dialectic method to achieve the coherence of meaning of the text as a whole (poem structure and global structure).


Author’s worldview; genetic structuralism; socialism; Summon poetry

Full Text:



Belsey, C. (2013). Textual Analysis as a Research Method.Research Methods for English Studies.(G.Griffin, Ed.) (2nd Edition). Edinburg: Edinburg University Press. Retrieved from

Berg, B. L. (2012). Qualitative Research Methods for the Social Sciences (7th editio). Boston: Pearson.

Creswell, J. . (2013). The Selection of a Research Approach. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (2nd editio). London: SAGE Publication.

Eagleton, T. (1983). Literary Theory: An Introduction (2nd editio). Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.

Endraswara, S. (2013). Metodologi Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta: CAPS (Centre for Academic Publishing Service).

Goldmann, L. (1980). Essays on Methods in the Sociology of Literature. (William Boelhower, Ed.). St. Louis, Mo: Telos Press Ltd.

Ibhawoh, B., & Dibua, J. I. (2003a). Deconstructing Ujamaa: The Legacy of Julius Nyerere in the Quest for Social and Economic Development in Africa. African Journal of Political Science, 8(1), 59-83 https: //

Kelleher, B. (2000). Iron Star. New York: Jove Book.

Lal, P. (2010). Militants, mothers, and the national family: Ujamaa, gender, and rural development in postcolonial Tanzania. Journal of African History, 51(1), 1–20. Retrieved from

Laurenson, D & Swingewood, A. (1972). The Sociology of Literature. London: Granada Publishing Limited.

Mabala, R. (1980). Summons: Poems from Tanzania. Dar es Salaam: Tanzania Publishing House.

Makulilo, V. B. (2012). Where is socialism in Tanzania? Elixir International Journal, 46, 8170–8180. Retrieved from


Mwaifuge, E & Omigbule, M. (2016). Thematic Concerns of Tanzanian Poetry in English. IFE STUDIES IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE (ISEL)JOURNAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH,OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY,ILE-IFE,NIGERIA, 12(2), 153–173.

Ng’umbi, Y. C. (2015). Politics of the Family in Contemporary East and West African Women ’ s Writing. Unpublished PhD Dissertation. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences: Stellenbosch University. Retrieved from Stellenbosch University

Nyerere, J, K. (1968). Ujamaa: Essays on Socialism. Nairobi: Oxford University Press.

Orwell, G. (1945). Animal Farm: A Fairy Tale. United Kingdom: Warburg.

Peter, J. (2011). “The Representation of Tanzania’s Society during Ujamaa and the Prediction of Tanzania’s Future in Selected Poems in Summons”. Unpublished M.A Dissertation. University of Dar es Salaam.

Rivkin, J. and Ryan, M. (2004). Introduction: Feminist Paradigms (Eds.,Eds.,). London: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.

Selden, R., Widdowson, P., & Brooker, P. (2016). A Reader’s Guide to Contemporary Literary Theory (6th Editio). Lexington, Kentucky: Routledge.

Sheikheldin, G. H. (2015). Ujamaa: Planning and Managing Development Schemes in Africa, Tanzania as a Case Study. The Journal of Pan African Studies, 8(1), 78-.

Wakota, J. (2014). The Making and Remaking of Gender Relations in Tanzanian Fiction.Unpublished PhD Dissertation. Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences:Stellenbosch University.

Wakota, J. (2016). Ujamaa’s villagization and gender dynamics in selected Tanzanian fiction. Journal of African Cultural Studies, 30(1), 49–64.

Witri Nur’aini. (2009). Genetic structuralism analysis on “lucky jim” by kingsley amis. Unpublished B.A Thesis. English Letter Department: State Islamic University “Syarif Hidayatullah.”

Yona, M. (2008). "Popular Histories of Independence and Ujamaa in Tanzania.Unpublished M.A Thesis. Department of History: University of the Western Cape.

Zubaidi. (2011). KELLEHER ’ S WORLD VIEW ON IRON STAR NOVEL “ Th e different point of view in seeing terrorism ” ( A Genetic Structuralism Research ).Unpublished B.A Thesis. FACULTY OF LANGUAGES AND ARTS. Semarang State University.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

EduLite Journal of English Education, Literature and Culture is published by Language and Communication Science Faculty (former Language Faculty), Universitas Islam Sultan Agung (UNISSULA), Indonesia, in collaboration with Persaudaraan Dosen Republik Indonesia (PDRI).

Contact us: EduLite Journal of English Education, Literature and CultureJl. Raya Kaligawe Km.4, PO BOX 1054/SM Semarang 50112. Email: