External evaluation in Roald Dahl’s The BFG

Joanna Deborah

Abstract


There have been several significant changes in children’s literature in the past few decades; one of them is the change in the narative style. Roald Dahl is one of the most prominent authors of children’s literature that displays this particular change in his works. Dahl is known to utilize a creative narrative style in his works, and this is also seen in one of his children’s novels discussed in this research: The BFG (1982). This research thus aims at analysing one part of the narrative structure called external evaluation which shows the function of narrator in the story as well as the effects of the use of such narrative style on children as the target readers. Using Labov’s theory of narative structure and Genette’s theory of narratology, the results of the analysis shows that Dahl utilizes the function of narrator in the external evaluations to help children as his target readers to get a better understanding of the story as well as to build a close connection with them, resulting in the more enjoyable reading experience for the children.

Keywords


Children’s literature; narratology; narrative structure; external evaluation; narrator

Full Text:

PDF

References


Angelidou, K. (2013). The invention of children’s literature: The case of the mischievous Roald Dahl (Master’s thesis). Retrieved March 6, 2019, from http://ikee.lib.auth.gr/record/135332/files/GRI-2014-13318.pdf

Cheetam, D. (2016). Dahl’s neologisms. Children’s Literature in Education, 47(2), 93-109. Retrieved July 25, 2019, from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10583-015-9254-2

Dahl, R. (1999). The BFG. London, UK: Puffin Books.

Genette, G. (1980). Narrative discourse: An essay in method. (J. E. Lewin, Trans.). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Guillemette, L., & Levesque, C. (2016). Narratology. In Signo: Theoretical semiotics on the web. Retrieved January 22, 2019, from http://www.signosemio.com/genette/narratology.asp

Hoffman, A. R. (2010). The BFG and the Spaghetti Book Club: A case study of children as critics. Children’s Literature in Education, 41(3), 234-250. Retrieved July 25, 2019, from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10583-010-9106-z

Koskinen, H. (1998). “Words is oh such a twitch-tickling problem”: Anomalous features in Roald Dahl’s The BFG and its Finnish translation (Master’s thesis). Retrieved March 6, 2019, from https://jyx.jyu.fi/bitstream/handle/123456789/7411/1514.pdf?...1

McCombes, S. (2019). Descriptive research. Retrieved November 6, 2019, from https://www.scribbr.com/methodology/descriptive-research/

McLeod, S. (2019). What’s the difference between qualitative and quantitative research? Retrieved November 6, 2019, from https://www.simplypsychology.org/qualitative-quantitative.html

Once upon a time, there was a man who liked to make up stories. (2010, December 12). Retrieved November 6, 2019, from https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/commentators/once-upon-a-time-there-was-a-man-who-liked-to-make-up-stories-2158052.html

Pai, T., Framke, C., Romano, A., & Grady, C. (2016, September 13). Roald Dahl’s 11 best – and worst children’s books, ranked. Retrieved November 6, 2019, from https://www.vox.com/2016/7/1/12008402/roald-dahl-books-best-ranked

The 50 greatest British writers since 1945. (2008, January 5). Retrieved November 6, 2019, from https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/the-50-greatest-british-writers-since-1945-ws3g69xrf90

Toolan, M. (1998). Language in literature: An introduction to stylistics. London, UK: Arnold.

Trieu, J. (2017). Food and power in Roald Dahl’s children’s fiction (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved March 6, 2019, from http://www.tara.tcd.ie/handle/2262/81722

Umayfa, S. F. (2018). Self-identification of human and giant as portrayed in The BFG novel: A study of psychoanalysis (Bachelor’s thesis). Retrieved March 6, 2019, from http://digilib.uin-suka.ac.id/29836/2/14150040_BAB-I_IV-atau-V_DAFTAR-PUSTAKA.pdf




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30659/e.5.1.126-135

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

EduLite Journal of English Education, Literature and Culture is published by Language and Communication Science Faculty (former Language Faculty), Universitas Islam Sultan Agung (UNISSULA), Indonesia, in collaboration with Persaudaraan Dosen Republik Indonesia (PDRI).

Contact us: EduLite Journal of English Education, Literature and CultureJl. Raya Kaligawe Km.4, PO BOX 1054/SM Semarang 50112. Email: reviews_edulite@unissula.ac.id.