Factors Associated with Hearing Loss in Helicopter Aircrew of Indonesian Army Aviation Center, Semarang

Muyassaroh Muyassaroh, Fajri Imam Sayuti, Dian Ayu Ruspita, Anna Mailasari kusuma Dewi, Rery Budiarti, Zulfikar Naftali, Pujo Widodo

Abstract


Introduction: Hearing loss and tinnitus may occur in pilots due to exposure of the high noise level (ranges from 104-110 dB) generated by aircraft/helicopters. In addition, flying time, acoustic trauma, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and smoking are risk factors of hearing loss. Objective: to identify the factors associated with hearing loss in the crew of the Indonesian Army Aviation Center, Semarang

Methods: in the cross-sectional research, 114 military helicopter aircrews aged 20-58 years, working for the Army Aviation Center in Semarang were included. The exclusion criteria were history of previous ear surgery, infection of the outer and middle ear, the use of ototoxic drugs (kanamycin, cisplatin and carboplatin). The level of hearing loss and tinitus was assessed by otoscopy and audiometry. Whereas, tinnitus was obtained from the history taking. Data were analyzed using chi-square test and fisher's exact and Yates’s correction.

Results: One hundred and fourteen subjects (mean age of 26.54 + 4.72) were included. Several factors such as flight time (p = 0.698), acoustic trauma (p = 0.151), diabetes mellitus (p = 0.596), smoking (p = 0.222), hypertension (p = 0.356) were not associated with sensorineural hearing loss. Several factors such as flight time (p = 0.706), acoustic trauma (p = 0.5160), diabetes mellitus (p = 0.789), smoking (p = 0.495), hypertension (p = 0.112) were not associated with tinnitus.

Conclusion: There is no association between flight time, acoustic trauma, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and smoking and hearing loss.


Keywords


Hearing loss, tinnitus, helicopter crew.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aghazadeh-Attari, J., Mansorian, B., Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari, M., Ahmadzadeh, J., & Mohebbi, I. (2017). Association between metabolic syndrome and sensorineural hearing loss: A cross-sectional study of 11,114 participants. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, 10, 459–465. https://doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S150893

Atalay, H., Babakurban, S. T., & Aydin, E. (2016). Evaluation of hearing loss in pilots. Turk Otolarengoloji Arsivi/Turkish Arch Otolaryngol, 53(4), 155–162.

Choirunisa, R. (2017). Gangguan pendengaran dan kesehatan teknisi skadron udara 3 Lanud Iswahyudi serta hubungannya dengan tingkat kebisingan pesawat. J Kesehat Lingkung, 11, 61–68.

Dewi, P. (2012). Pengaruh tingkat kebisingan pesawat herkules dan helikopter terhadap terjadinya gangguan pendengaran pada penerbang TNI AU. UNS.

Eryani, Y., Wibowo, C., & Saftarina, F. (2017). Faktor risiko terjadinya gangguan pendengaran akibat bising. Medula, 112–1716.

Esquivel, C. R., Parker, M., Curtis, K., Merkley, A., Littlefield, P., Conley, G., Wise, S., Feldt, B., Henselman, L., & Stockinger, Z. (2018). Aural blast injury/acoustic trauma and hearing loss. Military Medicine, 183, 78–82. https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usy167

Han, X., Wang, Z., Wang, J., Li, Y., Hu, H., Hu, Y., Zhao, X., Zhan, Y., Yuan, J., Wei, S., Liang, Y., Zhang, X., Guo, H., Yang, H., Wu, T., Kong, W., & He, M. (2018). Metabolic syndrome is associated with hearing loss among a middle-aged and older Chinese population: a cross-sectional study. Annals of Medicine, 50(7), 587–595. https://doi.org/10.1080/07853890.2018.1469786

Hecht, Q. A., Hammill, T. L., Calamia, P. T., Smalt, C. J., & Brungart, D. S. (2019). Characterization of acute hearing changes in United States military populations. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 146(5), 3839–3848. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.5132710

Humes, L. E., Joellenbeck, L. M., & Durch, J. S. (2006). Noise and military service: Implications for hearing loss and tinnitus. In Noise and Military Service: Implications for Hearing Loss and Tinnitus. https://doi.org/10.17226/11443

Humes, L., Joellenbeck, L., & Durch, J. (2010). Noise and military service: implications for hearing loss and tinitus. Noise and Military Service: Implications for Hearing Loss and Tinitus. 1–32.

Kartika, D. (2017). Hubungan usia ,jam terbang , dan masa kerja dengan ambang dengar penerbang (studi di puspenerbad semarang tahun 2016).

Krismanita, N., & Naftali, Z. (2017). Hubungan lamanya menderita diabetes melitus dengan terjadinya peningkatan ambang pendengaran. Jurnal Kedokteran Diponegoro, I(6), 2.

Purnami, N., Helmi, F., & Herawati, S. (2020). Correlation of malondialdehyde and hearing threshold level at frequency 4000 Hz post gunshot exposure. Oto Rhino Laryngologica Indonesiana, 50(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.32637/orli.v50i1.283

Safitri, A. (2017). Hubungan antara frekuensi merokok dengan gangguan pendengaran di RSUD Dr Moewardi. UMS.

Sari, A., & Adnan, A. (2017). Hubungan merokok dengan gangguan pendengaran akibat bising pada pekerja pabrik kelapa sawit X. Orli, 47.

Yehudai, N., Fink, N., Shpriz, M., & Marom, T. (2017). Acute acoustic trauma among soldiers during an intense combat. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 28(5), 436–443. https://doi.org/10.3766/jaaa.16043




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30659/sainsmed.v12i2.12819

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexed by:

 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://jurnal.unissula.ac.id/index.php/sainsmedika.

site
stats View My Stats.