TEKNIK BEDAH DENGAN SKALPEL PADA HIPERPIGMENTASI GINGIVA

Ade Ismail Abdul Kodir

Abstract


Background: Gingival pigmentation is the coloring/staining of the gingiva in the form of a dark purplish color or irregular light brown spots. This staining is derived from melanin granules produced by cells melanoblas. Gingival hyperpigmentation caused by excessive melanin deposition . The cause of this gingival hyperpigmentation is multifactorial : genetic factors , local and systemic . The aims of this article is to overbear the gingival hyperpigmentation with simple techniques , does not require several equipments , but gives contentment results to the patient . Discussion : The gingival melanin hyperpigmentation is not cause medical problems , usually to the point the appearance especially when talking and smiling . Depigmentation is periodontal plastic surgery to remove or reduce gingival hyperpigmentation . There are many ways to eliminate gingival hyperpigmentation , one of them is a surgical using scalpel . Depigmentation surgery does not require any special tools but gives satisfactory results for the patient. Conclusion : Hyperpigmentation gingival surgery techniques can be overcome by using scalpel surgery.


Keywords


Pigmentation; hyper pigmentation; melanin; depigmentation

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30659/odj.1.2.40-45

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Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional. ODONTO : Dental Journal is published by Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Indonesia