CHEWING XYLITOL CANDY AND PROBIOTIC CANDY ON THE GROWTH OF DENTAL PLAQUE AND NUMBER OF COLONY OF STERPTOCOCCUS MUTANT BACTERIA

Rahmawati Sri Praptiningsih, Rozaan Wakhid Amien, Rosa Pratiwi

Abstract


Background: Caries or cavities is a disease in the hard tissue of the teeth characterized by damage to enamel and dentin caused by the metabolic activity of bacteria in plaque which can cause demineralization due to the products of microorganisms. Xylitol gum and probiotics can be used to reduce the plaque index and the number of Streptococcus mutans colonies. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of chewing gum containing xylitol and probiotics on plaque growth and to determine the number of Streptococcus mutans colonies in students of the Faculty of Dentistry, Sultan Agung Islamic University.
Method: This study used an experimental research method with a randomized posttest only control group design used 30 respondents divided into 3 groups, namely the xylitol, probiotics, and sugar groups. Each group had a good oral hygiene index (OHIS) and then checked the plaque index and the number of Streptococcus mutans colonies before and after chewing gum for 1 minute. Data were analyzed in the Laboratory of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Sultan Agung Islamic University. Data were analyzed using paired t-test and Wilcoxon test.
Result: The p value <0.05 or there was no significant decrease in each group.
Conclusion: There is an effect of chewing gum containing xylitol and probiotics on the number of Streptococcus mutans and plaque index, but there is no significant difference between the plaque index and the number of Streptococcus mutans colonies.


Keywords


Caries; Plaque index; Probiotics; Streptococcus mutans; and Xylitol

References


Pinatih PI. Karies Pada Anak Yang Menyikat Gigi Di Sekolah. 2014;

Santik Y. Pentingnya Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut dalam Menunjang Produktivitas Atlet Semarang. J Media Ilmu Keolahragaan Indones. 2015;5(1).

Mustika D. Insidensi Karies Gigi Pada Anak Usia Prasekolah di TK Merah Mandiangin Martapura Periode 2012-2013,. Dentino J Kedokt gigi. 2014;2(2):200–4.

Ramayanti S, Purnakarya I. Peran Makanan terhadap Kejadian Karies Gigi. J Kesehat Masy. 2013;7(2):89–93.

Harper D, R. P, H. M. R. T. W, J., Sharp R, Hughes G, Werthé M. Bacteriophages and Biofilms. J Dent Oral Biol. 2014;270–84.

Toors. Chewing Gum and Dental Health : literature review. Belge Med Dent. 1992;42(3):67–92.

Rezky L, Handajani. Efek Pengunyahan Permen Karet Gula Dan Xylitol Terhadap Status Saliva. Maj Kedokt Gigi Indones. 2011;18(1):21–4.

Janakiram, Chandrashekar, Kumar D, C, Joseph J. Xylitol in preventing idental caries: A systematic review and meta-analyses. Review Article. J Nat Sci Biol Med. 2017;8(1):16–21.

Sandi, Bachtiar H, Hidayati. Perbandingan Efektivitas Daya Hambat Dadih Dengan Yogurt Terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Streptococcus Mutans. J B-Dent. 2015;

Fatiharani. Pengaruh Konsumsi Permen Karet Yang Mengandung Xylitol Terhadap Pembentukan Plak Gigi.Semarang. Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro; 2008.

Burt. The Use of Sorbitol and Xylitol Sweetened Chewing Gum in Caries Control. J Am Dent Assoc. 2006;2(137).

Kusumaningsari, Handajani J. Efek Pengunyahan Permen Karet Gula dan Xylitol Terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Streptococcus mutans Pada Plak Gigi. Maj Kedokt Gigi Indones. 2011;18(1):30–4.

Reddy. Bacteria in Oral Health – Probiotics and Prebiotics A Review. Int J Biol Med Res. 2011;2(4).

E C, B K, Tanboga. Bacteriotherapy and Probiotics’ Role on Oral Health. Oral Dis. 2005;131–7.

Rodian M dkk. Efek Mengunyah Permen Karet Yang Mengandung Sukrosa, Xylitol, dan Probiotik Terhadap Karakteristik Saliva (Effect Of Chewing Gum Containing Sucrose, Xylitol, And Probiotic To Saliva Characteristic). Dentika Dent J. 2011;16(1):44–8.

Triyanto, Rudi, Kristiyani A. Efektivitas Mengunyah Permen Karet Probiotik Terhadap Index Personal Hygiene Performance (PHP) Pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar. J Ilm Keperawatan Gigi. 2020;1(1).

Shabrina G dkk. Indeks Plak Masyarakat Suku Baduy Sebelum dan Sesudah Menyikat Gigi Menggunakan Sabut Kelapa.Bandung. J Ked Gi Unpad. 2017;29(2):83–90.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30659/odj.9.0.147-154

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Lisensi Creative Commons
This work is licensed under a Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.
Contact us: ODONTO Dental Journal: Jl. Raya Kaligawe Km.4, PO BOX 1054/SM Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia, 50112. Email: odontodentaljournal@unissula.ac.id