CORPORATE CRIMINAL LIABILITY POST ELIMINATION OF COAL FABA WASTE STATUS FROM B3 WASTE CATEGORY IN INDONESIA

Nur Hidayah Febriyani, Hartiwiningsih Hartiwiningsih

Abstract


This study analyzes legal issues related to the elimination of fly ash and bottom ash (FABA) coal waste status from the hazardous and toxic waste category (B3) as a result of the promulgation of Governor Regulation No. 22 of 2021 on the Implementation of Environmental Protection and Management. This applied prescriptive study aims to explain the consequences of the legal policy on the concept of corporate criminal liability when corporation is committing criminal acts in the field of coal FABA waste management in Indonesia, which now is no longer belonged to the hazardous and toxic waste category (B3). The result showed that the implementation of penal sanctions on coal FABA waste management throughout 2014 to 2020 did not show any significant restoration nor reclamation in the location of contaminated area. At this time, the concept of coal FABA waste management mechanism which is no longer use strict B3 waste standards potentially raise problems related to environmental sustainability threats in the power plant zone. Moreover, the provisions of Article 88 UUPPLH is unapplicable to FABA waste corporate liability. This legal research belongs to normative legal research with statutory approach, conceptual approach. Data collection techniques are carried out with library study methods. 


Keywords


coal FABA waste, corporation, criminal liability

Full Text:

PDF

References


Faure, MG., 1994, Kekhawatiran Masa Kini Pemikiran Mengenai Hukum Pidana Lingkungan Dalam Teori dan Praktek, PT. Citra Aditya Bakti: Jakarta;

Hardjasoemantri, Koesnadi, 2002, Hukum Tata Lingkungan, Gadjah Mada University Press: Yogyakarta;

Hartiwiningsih, 2020, Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Proses Penegakan Hukum Pidana Lingkungan, 3rd printing edition, UNS Press: Surakarta;

Hartiwiningsih, 2020, Hukum Lingkungan dalam Perspektif Kebijakan Hukum Pidana, 4th Printing edition, UNS Press: Surakarta;

Hatrik, Hamzah, 2002, Asas Pertanggungjawaban Korporasi Dalam Hukum Pidana Indonesia (Strict Liability dan Vicarious Liability), PT Raja Grafindo Persada: Jakarta;

Kusumaatmadja, Mochtar, 2006, Konsep-Konsep Hukum Dalam Pembangunan, PT Alumni: Bandung;

Mahfud MD, 1998, Politik Hukum di Indonesia, LP3ES: Jakarta;

Mahrus, Ali, 2013, Asas-asas Hukum Pidana Korporasi, Rajagrafindo Husada: Yogyakarta;

Manan, Bagir, 2005, Sistim Peradilan Berwibawa: Suatu Pencarian, FH UII Press: Yogyakarta;

Peters, A.A.G, 1990, Hukum Dan Perkembangan Sosial Buku Teks Sosiologi Hukum 3rd Printing Edition, Pustaka Sinar Harapan: Jakarta;

Silalahi, Daud, 1992, Hukum Lingkungan Dalam Sistem Penegakan Hukum Lingkungan Indonesia, PT Alumni: Bandung.

A. Lemly, J. Skorupa, Wildlife and the Coal Waste Policy Debate: Proposed Rules for Coal Waste Disposal Ignore Lessons from 45 Years of Wildlife Poisoning, Environmental Science and Technology, Volume 46, No 16, 2012;

Barda Nawawi Arief, Ruang Lingkup Penegakan Hukum Pidana dalam Konteks Politik Kriminal, Makalah Seminar, 1990;

Evan Devara, dkk, Inovasi Pendekatan Berbasis Risiko Dalam Persetujuan Lingkungan Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Cipta Kerja, LITRA: Jurnal Hukum Lingkungan, Tata Ruang, dan Agraria, Volume 1, No. 1, 2021;

Hadi Winarno, Pemanfaatan Limbah Fly Ash dan Bottom Ash dari PLTU Sumsel-5 sebagai Bahan Utama Pembuatan Paving Block, Jurnal Teknika, No 1, 2019;

I. Khan, Rashid Umar, Environmental Risk Assesment of Coal Fly Ash on Soil and Groundwater Quality (Aligarh, India), Elsevier: Groundwater for Sustainable Development, Volume 8, 2019;

John Risher, dkk, Toxilogical Profile for Selenium, 2003;

Margaretha Quina, dkk, Resiko Kelabu Abu Batu Bara, 2021;

Muladi, Pembaruan Hukum Pidana Yang Berkualitas Indonesia, Jurnal Masalah-Masalah Hukum, No 2, 1988;

R. Lin, dkk, Evaluation of Trace Elements in U.S. Coals Using the USGS COALQUAL Database Version 3.0. Part I: Rare Earth Elements and Ytrium (REY), Elsevier: International Journal of Coal Energy, Volume 192th, 2018;

Ridho Kurniawan, Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Korporasi Berdasarkan Asas Strict Liability, Jurnal Yuridis, Volume 1, No 2, 2014;

Sri P. Retno Wardani, Pemanfaatan Limbah Batu Bara Fly Ash untuk Stabilisasi Tanah Maupun Keperluan Teknik Sipil Lainnya dalam Mengurangi Pencemaran Lingkungan, disampaikan pada Pidato Pengukuhan Jabatan Guru Besar Fakultas Teknik Universitas Diponegoro, 2008;

Sudharto P. Hadi, Pilihan Penyelesaian Sengketa Lingkungan Potensi dan Kendalanya di Indonesia, Makalah Seminar Sosialisasi, 2002;

Teddy Prasetyawan, Kontroversi Penghapusan FABA dari Daftar Limbah B3”, Info Singkat Bidang Kesejahteraan Sosial, Volume XIII, Nomor 7/I/Puslit/April/2021, 2021;

Timothy Townsend, A Guide to the Use of Leaching Tests in Solid Waste Management Decision Making, 2003;

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Human and Ecological Risk Assesment of Coal Combustion Residuals, 2014;

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Report to Congress: Wastes from the Combustion of Fossil Fuels, 1999;

William M., dkk, “Toxicological Profile for Manganese”, 2012.

X. Huang, dkk, Heavy Metal Pollution and Ecological Assessment Around the Jinisha Coal-Fired Plant (China), International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Volume 14, 2017.

Internet:

Earthjustice (2019), Mapping the Coal Ash Contamination, 2019,

https://earthjustice.org/features/coal-ash-contaminated-sites-map

Kementerian ESDM (2021), Data Bauran Sumber Energi Primer Indonesia 2021, Jakarta: 2021,

https://www.esdm.go.id/id/publikasi/infografis

Max Blau (2021), The Coal Plant Next Door: With Dangerous Hearth Patterns Evident, Plant Owners Engaged the System to Avoid Responsibility, 2021,

https://thecurrentga.org/2021/03/22/the-coal-plant-next-door/




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26532/jh.v38i1.20971

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Jurnal Hukum Indexed by :

google_scholar onesearch garuda crosrefff base crosrefff sinta dimension
Jurnal Hukum
   
Faculty of Law, UnissulaCopyright of Jurnal Hukum
Jalan Kaligawe Raya KM.4, Terboyo Kulon, Genuk,ISSN 1412-2723 ( Print )e-ISSN 2723-6668 ( Online )
Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia, 50112