Model terapi kognitif sebagai upaya peningkatan kualitas hidup pada pasien dengan penyakit kronis: Literature review

Yayan Kurniawan, Untung Sujianto, Mardiyono Mardiyono

Abstract


Pendahuluan: Pada tahun 2015 sekitar 70% kematian di dunia disebabkan oleh penyakit kronis.Penyakit kronis akan berdampak beragam baik secara biologis, psikologis, sosial, spiritual. Pemberian terapi kognitif mampu menjadi solusi bagi pasien kronis dengan segala kompleksitasnya.Tujuan: Menjelaskan berbagai terapi kognitif untuk meningkatkan kualitas hidup pada pasien dengan penyakit kronis Metode:Data basedpencarian meliputi EBSCO, ProQuest, Springer, NCBI danScince Directdengan kata kunci:cognitive therapy, Intervention, Chronic diseasedan Quality of Life. Kriteria inklusi: artikel terbitan tahun 2014-2019, full text, bahasa inggris. Desain artikel yang diambil adalah Quasy experimental study dan RCT. Sebanyak 7 artikel yang sesuai kriteria inklusi dilakukan analisis.Hasil:Semua kelompok intervensi menujukan peningkatan kualitas hidup.Simpulan:Intervensiacceptance and commitment therapy, edukasi peer group, edukasi berbasis health belief model, program intervensi bebasis self-careaerobic physical rehabilitation, yoga,danhipnoterapi mampu meningkatkan kualitas hidup dan dapat dijadikan alternatif terapi pada pasien dengan penyakit kronis.


Keywords


Kualitas hidup; intervensi; terapi kognitif; penyakit kronis.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30659/nurscope.6.1.47-56

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