Mahasiswa Fakulatas Kedokteran Fakultas Kedokteran UNISSULA Semarang - Indonesia
The Correlation of Exercise and Range of Motion (ROM) on Elderly Knee Observasional Study on Elderly People in Pedurungan Semarang
Design and Method: Observastional study with a cross sectional design 80 elderly men and women were divided into 2 groups: gymnastics group in the Social Rehabilitation Unit Of Pucang Gading (n=40) and unexcercises group in the Penggaron village (n=40). In both groups, the degree of ROM of knee was assessed using the Goniometer. To evaluate the value of its significance, the data were analyzed using the Mann Withney test followed by Spearmannâ€™s rho test.
Result: ROM for gymnastic(exercised group) and unexercised group were 115.50Â°Â±11.591Â°, 95.38Â°Â±12.780Â° respectively with p<0. 001. Resuts showed that doing exercise was useful for maintaining ROM of knee in elderly people. Spearmannâ€™s rho test resulted in a strong correlation between ROM and exercise with r value of 0.652.
Conclusion: exercise correlates with ROM of knee in elderly (Sains Medika, 4(1):39-45).
Keywords : Range of Motion (ROM) of knee; gymnastics; elderly
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