Overview of The Incidence and Risk Factors for Nosocomial Infections Using a Geographic Information System Maps

Rochady Setianto, Lutfan Lazuardi, Andaru Dahesihdewi

Abstract


Hospitalized patients have a high risk of getting nosocomial infections due to various reasons. They tend to be more susceptible to infection because of
their underlying disease condition, and they have higher when patients undergo invasive procedures. If the patient’s immune system is impaired, the
non-pathogenic microorganism are capable of causing disease. Map is a method of illustrating an epidemiologic effectively . Maps can be used to show
place of incidence. Mapping the incidence of nosocomial infections in Sultan Agung Hospital is a method developed for the surveillance of nosocomial
infections. This type of research is a quantitative study with a cross sectional design. This study illustrates the risk factors of nosocomial infection with
incidence of nosocomial infections that occur based on time point. Risk factors are extrinsic and intrinsic factors. Based on the spatial image on the map,
in extrinsic incidence of nosocomial infections is Plebitis. Genesis Plebitis incidence correlates with the placement of hand washing points handrub. While
the intrinsic factor in the Plebitis image and ILO most inpatient distribution in patients aged 50 years with impaired skin integrity due to infusion and
physically due to decreased immunity associated with a variety of underlying diseases. Incidence of nosocomial infections in the inpatient unit is the
primary predisposing factors such as age and clinical issues related predisposing underlying disease can weaken the immune system of the patient, so that
the procedures and even the most basic medical treatment could potentially cause nosocomial infection.

Keywords


GIS for nosocomial infections; nosocomial infection; nosocomial infections factors.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26532/sainsmed.v5i2.345

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://jurnal.unissula.ac.id/index.php/sainsmedika.

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