The Efforts to Implement Prevention of the Criminal Act of Trading in Endangered Animals

Rachmat Dwi Cahyo Utomo, Bambang Tri Bawono


This research aims to study sociologically the criminal act of trafficking in protected endangered animals in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The prohibition on trade in endangered and threatened animals is relevant to this concept. The press conference revealing the case by the Yogyakarta Regional Police in March 2022 highlighted concerns about the illegal trade in endangered animals in the region. The DIY Regional Police is collaborating with the Yogyakarta KSDA Center to take action against this case. The research approach used in this thesis is a juridical-sociological approach. This approach combines two scientific disciplines, namely law and sociology, in analyzing legal problems related to social phenomena. This approach is very suitable for use in research regarding criminal acts of trade in protected endangered animals in Yogyakarta, because this problem not only involves legal aspects, but also social and environmental aspects. Prevention of criminal acts of trading in endangered species can be carried out through the implementation of Law Number 5 of 1990 concerning Conservation of Living Natural Resources and Ecosystems. This law regulates the protection of endangered animals, preserving the diversity of plant and animal species, as well as the sustainable use of natural resources. Prevention of criminal acts of endangered species trade is faced with several obstacles, including increasing online trade which is difficult to detect, limited human and technological resources, complex smuggling networks, low public awareness, regulatory differences between countries, and the involvement of cross-border actors. However, law enforcement officials have their own methods for dealing with these obstacles so that the implementation of preventing criminal acts of endangered animal trade takes place effectively.


Animal; Endangered; Hunting; Illegal; Trade.

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