The Role of Indigenous and Global Community in Developing National Law in France

Hilaire Tegnan


Indigenous peoples, or indigenous peoples, are "the descendants of those who lived in a

country orgeographical region at a time when population groups of different cultures or ethnic origins arrived and subsequently became predominant. by conquest, occupation, colonization or other means ".1 Indigenous peoples represent about 370 million people worldwide, living in more than 70 countries. They form at least 5,000 different indigenous

groups, and as many different cultures, speak more than 4,000 languages, most of which are in danger and are at risk of extinction by the end of the twenty-first century. Over the last 30 years, indigenous peoples have moved widely from their traditional lands to cities to seek employment but also because of human rights violations and abuses, including rights to their land and to cultural survival. In many countries, more than 50% live in urban areas. Other terms have sometimes been used to refer to them, as aboriginal, "first people", "root people",

"first nation" or "native people", succeeding the pejorative term "primitive people", but all officially neglected for the benefit of indigenous people.2

This paper discusses the existence of Indigenous communities in France and their contribution in the construction of legal systems in Europe in general and the French Legal

system in particular.

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