THE EFFECT OF REGIONAL AUTONOMY LAW AND POTENTIAL OF REGIONAL EXPANSION STUDY: POTENTIAL FORMATION OF TAPANULI PROVINCE

SARLES GULTOM

Abstract


The demands from various communities of the importance and immediate require the realization of regional autonomy, as part of the democratization that rampant since the Reform Era. Itis not only because of the influence of global tendency1, but also the fundamental need of change to the realities of the national system built by the New Orba regime. This regime was crippled in the political system, in addition to the economic system and legal system. The New Order's political system was centralized, authoritarian, repressive, antiparty, non-aspirational, relying on its dynamism on the government bureaucracy and did not on the political forces living in society, and the dominance of the executive power over the legislative institutions2. The New Order's political system built by the regime aimed to create stability to support economic development, inspired by a spirit of unity and based on a centralized pattern of power. Everything including culture had to be uniform, lack the tolerance of diversity, with deep understanding of the objective conditions of Indonesian society as a plural society both plurality of horizontal and vertical3, which in turn only adds to the burden of stability. It was createdby the New Order regime which was essentially a "sterile stability" of the National Stability. It was turned out to be a "collapse Stability" that eventually collapsed, beginning with the 1997 monetary crisis, which continued into the total crisis of 1998, with the collapse of the New Order regime, followed by the emergence of the Reform Order or the Reform Era.

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