APPLICATION OF ARTICLES OF INCLUSION IN CORRUPTION CRIMES PERFORMED BY CORPORATIONS AND MANAGEMENT

Rakhmat Baihaki

Abstract


Corporations can be held accountable for committing criminal acts of corruption together with their management, but in theory corporations cannot be subject to an inclusion article because there is no uniformity from legal experts regarding the teachings of participation which according to the Criminal Code can only be imposed on humans, not corporations. The teaching of participation according to the Criminal Code must meet two conditions, namely the existence of a recognized cooperation and the existence of a direct form of action in committing a crime. This teaching can only be applied to humans and has not yet reached corporate actions, while the development of the economy and society, corporate crime was born as a new mode of committing criminal acts of corruption, while on the other hand the existing regulations both concerning procedural law are very limited in discussing corporations while on the other hand The application of the principle of inclusion to corporations is very necessary because corporations can only carry out legal actions which are reflected in the actions of their management. Corporations do not have a heart, but the heart of the management is a reflection of the heart of the corporation. Corporations cannot commit direct criminal acts. To fill the legal vacuum, the doctrine of participation in corporations can be imposed by looking at the existence of cooperation that does not have to be realized without any mistakes and the form of the implementation of the act is not only an offense but includes the offense of not doing because the corporation benefits from the actions of the management committing a criminal act of corruption

References


Alfitra, Hapusnya Hak dan Menuntut Menjalankan pidana, Depok, Raih Asia Sukses, 2012

Ali, Mahrus, Asas-asas hukum pidana Korporasi, Jakarta, PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 2013

Attorney General Regulation Number PER-028/A/JA/10/2014 concerning Guidelines for Handling Criminal Cases with Corporate Legal Subjects

Chazawi, Adami, Percobaan dan Penyertaan, Jakarta, PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 2005

Criminal Code

Drajad, H. Ahmad, (Hakim Ad Hoc tipikor Pengadilan Tipikor Medan), Kendala Penerapan Sanksi Pidana Terhadap Korporasi Sebagai Pelaku Tindak Pidana Korupsi, Internet, 28 Maret 2015, diakses pada tanggal 9 Oktober 2021

Journal and Regulation

Law Number 31 of 1999 concerning Eradication of Criminal Acts of Corruption

Law Number 8 of 1981 concerning the Criminal Procedure Code

Muhammad Jusuf, Gunarto, Sri Endah Wahyuningsih, Reconstruction Of Technology Criminal Circulation Toward Students Criminal Drug Acid, International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET) Volume 10, Issue 04, April 2019.

Sjahdeini, Sutan Remy, Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Korporasi, Jakarta, Pustaka Utama Grafiti, 2011

Sjawie, Hasbullah F., Direksi Perseroan Terbatas serta Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Korporasi, Jakarta, PT. Citra Aditya bakti, 2013

Sri Endah Wahyuningsih, Anis Mashdurohatun, Abd Syakur, Protection against Witnesses in Criminal Justice Proceedings in Indonesia Based on the Humanitarian Value, International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change. www.ijicc.net. Volume 13, Issue 7, 2020.

Sri Endah Wahyuningsih, The Implementation of Punishment Theories in the Verdict of Narcotics Case by Judge in Indonesia, TEST Enginering and Management, ISSN 0193-4120 , Mach-April 2020,

Suartha, I Dewa Made,Hukum Pidana Korporasi Pertanggungjawaban pidana dalam kebijakan hukum pidana Indonesia, Malag, setara Press, 2015

Sudarto, Hukum Pidana I, Fakultas Hukum Universitas Diponegoro, Badan Penyediaan Bahan-Bahan Kuliah, Semarang, 1987, Hal. 63

Suhariyanto, Budi, Progresivitas Putusan Pemidanaan Terhapda Korporasi Pelaku Tindak Pidana Korupsi, De Jure, Juni 2016,Vol. 16 No. 02

Supreme Court Regulation Number 13 of 2016 concerning Procedures for Handling Corporate Crime Cases

Tempo, 13 Tersangka dari Korporasi Jiwasraya akan di sidangkan, tgl. 20 Pebruari 2021, di akses di Internet tanggal 6 November 2021

Wirjono Prodjodikoro, Asas-Asas Hukum Pidana di Indonesia, Jakarta

Yunara, Edi, Korupsi dan pertanggungjawaban Pidana Korporasi, Bandung, PT. Citra Aditya Bakti, 2012




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26532/pdih.v4i4.20806

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.