Revisiting Indonesian Legal Framework for Juvenile Justice: Ensuring Procedural Rights for Assault Offenders

Abdurrakhman Alhakim, Emiliya Febriyani, Winsherly Tan, Rufinus Hotmaulana Hutauruk


Assault crimes are violent by nature and are often perceived as a serious threat to public safety. However, the complexity of each crime needs to be analyzed thoroughly in a legal procedure to make sure that important values and principles are applied. This is particularly important among juvenile offenders, where the enforcement of justice needs to be upheld without sacrificing the future of youth. This research is done to analyze the challenges in ensuring procedural rights for juvenile assault offenders in Indonesia. Through the normative legal research method combined with a statutory approach, this research uncovers the legal challenges that juveniles face in accessing their procedural rights in Indonesia’s juvenile justice system and how these challenges can be improved. Analysis of this research finds that the Indonesian legal framework is still lacking in many ways, particularly in ensuring the right to ease of access to information regarding the case and the protection of privacy. The analysisThe analysis also shows that these issues cause conflicts with other laws, constitutional principles, and international standards. This research not only highlights the gaps in Indonesia’s juvenile justice system but also lays a theoretical foundation for developing a more holistic and rights-based approach to juvenile justice reform.


Access to Juvenile Rights; Juvenile Criminal Proceedings; Juvenile Justice System; Juvenile Assault Offenders; Procedural Rights

Full Text:




Ahl, Bjorn, and Daniel Sprick. “Towards judicial transparency in China: The new public access database for court decisions.” China Information 32, no. 1 (2018): 3-22.

Alhakim, Abdurrakhman, Emiliya Febriyani, Ampuan Situmeang, and David Tan. “Unveiling the Controversy: Legal Analysis of Juvenile Narcotics Use for Medical Purposes.” Jurnal Jurisprudence 13, no. 2 (2023): 225-243.

Aman, Alfred C., and Landyn Wm Rookard. “Private Government and the Transparency Deficit.” Administrative Law Review 71, no. 3 (2019): 437-489.

Atmaja, Gede Marhaendra Wija. “Legal pluralism politics towards recognition of social unity in customary law and local regulation.” International journal of social sciences and humanities 2, no. 2 (2018): 124-140.

Azam, Siti Balqis Mohd, Siti Hajar Abu Bakar, Jal Zabdi Mohd Yusoff, and Siti Hajar Abdul Rauf. “A case study on academic and vocational training for child offenders undergoing a multisystemic therapy-based rehabilitation order in Malaysia.” Children and Youth Services Review 122 (2021): 105911.

Begaliyev, Yernar N., Samal Ye Sakhatova, Aizat Zh Temirova, Igor V. Paryzkyi, and Vladimir M. Kuprienko. “Features of criminal liability of Juvenile criminals: International legal and comparative analysis.” International Journal of Criminology and Sociology 9 (2020): 1579-1586.

Bernuz Beneitez, Maria Jose, and Els Dumortier. “Why children obey the law: Rethinking juvenile justice and children’s rights in Europe through procedural justice.” Youth justice 18, no. 1 (2018): 34-51.

Berryessa, Colleen M., and Jillian Reeves. “The perceptions of juvenile judges regarding adolescent development in evaluating juvenile competency.” The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1973-) 110, no. 3 (2020): 551-592.

Butt, Simon. “Indonesia’s criminal justice system on trial: The Jessica Wongso case.” New Criminal Law Review 24, no. 1 (2021): 3-58.

Cahyaningtyas, Irma. “Penal Mediation of Treatments for Children in the Juvenile Justice System.” Diponegoro Law Review 3, no. 2 (2018): 264-276.

Disemadi, Hari Sutra. “Lenses of Legal Research: A Descriptive Essay on Legal Research Methodologies.” Journal of Judicial Review 24, no. 2 (2022): 289-304.

Doerfler, Ryan D., and Samuel Moyn. “The Ghost of John Hart Ely.” Vanderbilt Law Review 75, no. 3 (2022): 769-821.

Dowd, Nancy E. “Children’s Equality Rights: Every Child’s Right to Develop to Their Full Capacity.” Cardozo Law Review 41, no. 4 (2019): 1367-1440.

Eliastuti, Maguna, Hafidam Hutomo, Santika Pratiwi, Della Apriati, and Muhammad Ditto Cantona. “Analisis Sindiran Dalam Konten Video Akun Instagram Bintang Emon.” Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi Dan Media Sosial (JKOMDIS) 3, no. 2 (2023): 393-399.

Fitriana, Mia Kusuma. “Peranan Politik Hukum dalam Pembentukan Peraturan Perundang-Undangan di Indonesia sebagai Sarana Mewujudkan Tujuan Negara (Laws And Regulations In Indonesia As The Means Of Realizing The Country’S Goal).” Jurnal Legislasi Indonesia 12, no. 2 (2018).

Gal, Tali, and Hadar Dancig-Rosenberg. ““I Am Starting to Believe in the Word Justice’”: Lessons from an Ethnographic Study on Community Courts.” The American Journal of Comparative Law 68, no. 2 (2020): 376-411.

Green, Bruce A., and Lara Bazelon. “Restorative Justice from Prosecutors’ Perspective.” Fordham Law Review 88, no. 6 (2020): 2287.

Irawati, Arista Candra. “Konstruksi Hukum Kerahasiaan Identitas Anak Terhadap Korban, Pelaku Dalam Perspektif Hak Asasi Manusia.” Rampai Jurnal Hukum (RJH) 1, no. 1 (2022).

Kennedy, Tom D., W. Alex Edmonds, Danielle H. Millen, and David Detullio. “Chronic juvenile offenders: Exploring risk factor models of recidivism.” Youth Violence and juvenile justice 17, no. 2 (2019): 174-193.

Kokkalera, Stuti S., Annmarie Tallas, and Kelly Goggin. “Contextualizing the impact of legal representation on juvenile delinquency outcomes: A review of research and policy.” Juvenile and Family Court Journal 72, no. 1 (2021): 47-71.

Mathys, Cecile. “Effective components of interventions in juvenile justice facilities: How to take care of delinquent youths?.” Children and Youth Services Review 73 (2017): 319-327.

McInnis, Donald E., Shannon Cullen, and Julia Schon. “The Evolution of Juvenile Justice: From the Book of Leviticus to Parens Patriae: The next Step after In re Gault.” Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 53, no. 3 (2020): 553-586.

McMahan, Christina L. “Juvenile justice in Oregon: Balanced and restorative justice in action.” Juvenile and Family Court Journal 70, no. 1 (2019): 59-72.

Mears, Daniel P., Justin T. Pickett, and Christina Mancini. “Support for balanced juvenile justice: Assessing views about youth, rehabilitation, and punishment.” Journal of quantitative criminology 31 (2015): 459-479.

Meek, Aaron Wallace. “Why Use a Hammer When a Scalpel Will Do? Suggestions for Fairer Juvenile Plea Bargaining in Kentucky.” Kentucky Law Journal 108, no. 4 (2019): 713-729.

Nur, Rafika, Slamet Sampurno Soewondo, Syamsuddin Muchtar, and Nur Azisa. “The Essence of Sanctions in Juvenile Justice System.” Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization 95 (2020): 48.

Oktaviandra, Surya. “Analisis Aspek Legalitas, Proporsionalitas, Dan Konstitusionalitas Ketentuan Imunitas Pidana Bagi Pejabat Pemerintah Dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 2 Tahun 2020.” Majalah Hukum Nasional 50, no. 2 (2020): 183-200.

Ouellet, Marie, Sadaf Hashimi, Jason Gravel, and Andrew V. Papachristos. “Network exposure and excessive use of force: Investigating the social transmission of police misconduct.” Criminology & Public Policy 18, no. 3 (2019): 675-704.

Purshouse, Joe. “‘Paedophile hunters’, criminal procedure, and fundamental human rights.” Journal of Law and Society 47, no. 3 (2020): 384-411.

Rodriguez, Nancy. “The role of science in reducing racial and ethnic disparities in the juvenile justice system.” Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race 15, no. 1 (2018): 195-204.

Schnell, Benjamin D. “The Journey to Universal Legal Aid: Protecting the Criminally Accuseds’ Charter Rights by Introducing a Public Defender System to Ontario.” Western Journal of Legal Studies 8, no. 2 (2018): 1-31.

Sharlein, Jeffrey, and Malitta Engstrom. “Neighborhood disproportion in juvenile justice contact.” Juvenile and Family Court Journal 69, no. 4 (2018): 25-41.

Siagian, Amrizal, Wiwit Kurniawan, and Tri Hidayati. “Sanksi Pidana Kenakalan Anak Sebagai Pelaku Bulliying Menurut Uu No. 11 Tahun 2012 Tentang Sistem Peradilan Pidanan Anak.” Jurnal Ilmiah Humanika 3, no. 3 (2020): 1-11.

Siregar, Tazkia Tunnafsia, Ika Rachmawati Sukarno Putri, and Laura Sharendova Gunawan. “Peran Hak Asasi Manusia dan Hukum Adat Dalam Mencegah Pernikahan Dini di Indonesia.” Innovative: Journal Of Social Science Research 3, no. 5 (2023): 11050-11064.

Sloas, Lincoln B., and Cassandra A. Atkin-Plunk. “Perceptions of balanced justice and rehabilitation for drug offenders.” Criminal Justice Policy Review 30, no. 7 (2019): 990-1009.

Stowers Jr, Jeffrey W. “Misunderstood: A Juvenile’s Ability to be Competent Enough to Understand the Consequences of a Guilty Plea.” New Criminal Law Review 19, no. 1 (2016): 1-41.

Tampi, Reynaldo. “Prinsip Yang Adil Dalam Sistem Peradilan Pidana Indonesia.” Lex Crimen 10, no. 7 (2021).

Tan, David. “Metode Penelitian Hukum: Mengupas Dan Mengulas Metodologi Dalam Menyelenggarakan Penelitian Hukum.” Nusantara: Jurnal Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial 8, no. 8 (2021): 2463-2478.

Teeuwen, Aekje. “Procedural rights supporting expeditious trials for juveniles: Effective remedies and legal representation.” Asia-Pacific Journal on Human Rights and the Law 22, no. 2 (2021): 150-185.

Waliyati, Eka, Burham Pranawa, and Ananda Megha Wiedhar Saputri. “Peran Advokat Dalam Proses Pemeriksaan Perkara Pidana Yang Dilakukan Oleh Anak Di Kejaksaan Negeri Boyolali.” Jurnal Bedah Hukum 6, no. 1 (2022): 22-32.

Wescott, Brittany R. “Juvenile Justice Converges on Principles Leading to the International Harmonization of the Juvenile Justice System.” Trento Student Law Review 2, no. 2 (2020): 41-90.


Blok, Anton. “The enigma of senseless violence.” In Meanings of violence, edited by Jon Abbink and Göran Aijmer, 23-38. London: Routledge, 2020.

Duran, Robert J. The gang paradox: Inequalities and miracles on the US-Mexico border. New York: Columbia University Press, 2018.

Goldson, Barry. “Reading the present and mapping the future(s) of juvenile justice in Europe: complexities and challenges.” In Juvenile Justice in Europe, edited by Barry Goldson, 209-253. London: Routledge, 2018.

Martins, Cristiano, Valeska Martins, and Rafael Valim. Lawfare: waging war through law. London: Routledge, 2021.


Jaffrey, Sana. “Leveraging the Leviathan: politics of impunity and the rise of vigilantism in democratic Indonesia.” PhD diss., The University of Chicago, 2019.


Aji, M. Rosseno. “Korban Penganiayaan Mario Dandy Anak Pejabat Pajak Ajukan Perlindungan ke LPSK.” Tempo, 28 February 2023. Retrieved from

Guruh Guruh. “Terungkap, Ini Nama dan Identitas Asli Agnes Pacar Mario Dandy Satriyo.” Pojoksatu, 24 February 2023. Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Law Reconstruction Indexed by :

DOAJgoogle_scholarsintacrossrefMendeley onesearch  dimension

International Journal of Law Recnstruction  
Faculty of Law, UnissulaCopyright of International Journal of Law Reconstruction
Jalan Kaligawe Raya KM.4, Terboyo Kulon, Genuk, E-ISSN 2775-8885 (Online)
Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia, 50112IJLR is licensed under a