Intervensi perawatan spiritual bagi pasien kanker: Tinjauan sistematis

Herniyanti Herniyanti, Ariyanti Saleh, Andi Masyitha Irwan

Abstract


Pendahuluan: Tujuan tinjauan sistematis ini adalah untuk mendapatkan gambaran tentang intervensi perawatan spiritual. Metode: Pencarian database pada  Pubmed, Science Direct, dan Google Scholar. Kata kunci yaitu ”Spiritual needs” ANDSpiritual care” ANDSpiritual care interventions” ANDCancer patients”. Filter 5 tahun terakhir dan full text.Hasil: Delapan (n=8) dari 1.085 artikel ditemukan membahas tentang intervensi perawatan spiritual berupa terapi musik; program perawatan spiritual; perawatan spiritual berdasarkan prinsip ajaran Buddha; konseling spiritual; dan intervensi berbasis spiritual Islam. Efektifitas penerapan intervensi perawatan spiritual meningkatkan pandangan tentang akhir kehidupan, menurunkan tingkat rasa sakit, kekahwatiran, tingkat depresi, kecemasan, stres, dan meningkatkan kesejahteraan spiritual dan relaksasi pasien. Dimensi agama dan dimensi eksistensial mengalami peningkatan nilai yang signifikan. Kesimpulan: Intervensi perawatan spiritual meningkatkan kesejahteraan spiritual sehingga pasien memiliki penguatan diri dan semangat hidup untuk menjalani penyakitnya.

Keywords


Intervensi perawatan spiritual, kebutuhan spiritual, pasien kanker

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30659/nurscope.5.1.1-15

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