CRIMINOLOGICAL REVIEW OF NARCOTICS ABUSE BY CHILDREN

Afridho Zulmi

Abstract


The enactment of Law Number 35 of 2009 concerning Amendments to Law Number 22 of 1997 concerning Narcotics (Narcotics Law) to increase activities to prevent and eradicate abuse and illicit trafficking of narcotics which is very detrimental and endangers the lives of teenagers, society, nation and state . This writing aims to find out and analyze the criminological review of narcotics abuse committed by teenagers and the efforts made by the Semarang Police Station in overcoming the crime of narcotics abuse committed by teenagers.

The approach method used in this study is an empirical juridical approach, meaning research on the effect of the enactment of positive law from the legal aspect and on the effect of its enactment on society. The theory used as an analytical knife is the theory of criminology and the theory of law enforcement.

The results show that according to a criminological perspective, crime is a pattern of behavior committed by individuals or groups of individuals (structured/unstructured), as well as organizations (formal/non-formal) in society that harm society (material, physical, psychological). The causes of children and adolescents committing narcotics abuse, namely: Causes from within and the personality of children and adolescents, causes originating from parents/family, causes originating from peer groups, causes originating from community life, processes of social change and shifts in values fast. Efforts made by the Police in overcoming the crime of narcotics abuse committed by teenagers are by making penal efforts and non-penal efforts. Penal efforts are carried out through a legal process and for child perpetrators, diversion can be carried out. Non-penal efforts are carried out by the Police through preemptive, preventive and repressive efforts.

Keywords: Criminology, Narcotics Abuse, Children


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