Stress Levels and Stressors of First Year Students in Faculty of Medicine, University of Muhammmadiyah Sumatera Utara

Desi Isnayanti, Nursahara Harahap


Introduction: At the beginning of academic semester, a student must adapt to changes in the environment and learning that he obtained, so they can undergo education well. Changes can lead to the emergence of problems and stress on students. Aims: to know the description of stress levels and stressors in first year students. Method: Descriptive study with total sampling. Data was collected using Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-42) to determine stress levels and Medical Student Stressor Questionnaire (MSSQ) to determine stressor. Result: The description of the stress level of students consists of normal 43%, mild stress 29%, moderate stress 23.4%, high stress 2.8%, severe stress 1.9%. Stressor description consists of Academic Related Stressor (ARS) being high stressor (47.7%), Interpersonal & Intrapersonal Related Stressor (IRS) being high stressor (50.5%), Teaching and Learning Related Stressor (TLRS) being a moderate stressor ( 57%), Social Related Stressors (SRS) being moderate stressor (54.2%), Drive & Desire Related Stressors (DRS) being moderate stressor (43.3%), Group Activities Related Stressors (GARS) became mild stressors (53 ,3%). Conclusion: Most of students have a stress in the first year. ARS and IRS are high stressors, while TLRS, SRS and SRS are moderate stressors and GARS is a mild stressor that causes stress for students.

Keywords: Stress, Stressor, First year

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