Government Policy Directions on Illegal Unreported Unregulated (IUU) Fishing in Indonesia

Hanuring Ayu


Indonesia always concerned about fishery crime that happen everyday. Illegal, Unregulated and Unreported (IUU) Fishing is transnational crime that have many effect, not only for fishery industry but also give the effect for environment. Therefore this paper will discuss about modus operandi for the implementation of IUUF criminal acts in the Indonesian sea, the negative effect for criminal acts of IUUF in Indonesia and the policy of Indonesian Government to resolve IUUF. Modus operandi for the implementation of Illegal Unreported and Unregulated fishing (IUUF) in Indonesia consist of : document forgery, put the fishes not in the port base, double flagging and double registered, catch fishes without permission and or not completed of SLO / SPB, modify the ship without permission, use a foreign skipper, register odd pumpboat as an Indonesian ship and make a fake document of ABK demography, turn off the ship transmitter, illegal transshipment in sea, make a fake logbook report, fishing ground offence, use forbidden fishing gear, have no or no partnering with fish processing. The negative impact of IUUF are the contribution of fishery is low, decreasing of national export income and non-tax revenue.  IUU Fishing have been decrease the potency of using the national port base, added value of national ports, and revenue from services and legal operating taxes, damaging the ecosystem, also loss of value from coastal areas. IUU Fishing give the negative impact in fish stock that it is the important protein for some country include Indonesia. IUU Fishing have been reduce national employment potential in fishery sector like a reduce the fish company, processing fish company and the other sector. The illegal fishing also give impact with Indonesian fisherman especially traditional fisherman.
Keyword : Policy, Government, Illegal Fishing

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