The Crime of Witchcraft and Vigilante Action (Eigenrichting)

Syamsuddin Syamsuddin, Ridwan Ridwan, Iksan Iksan

Abstract


The witchcraft incident in Bima Regency has threatened the safety and security of human life, witchcraft has triggered people to take vigilante actions (Eigenrichting) as a counter reaction by means of destruction, persecution and even murder. This study aims to determine public perceptions related to witchcraft, and also to find out why witchcraft always results in mass vigilante action (Eigenrichting) so that prevention and resolution efforts can be formulated. This study uses empirical or sociological research, data collection is carried out by direct and structured interviews and through literature study, while drawing conclusions using inductive methods. The results showed, first; In the period 2016-2021, there were 53 cases of alleged witchcraft practices in Bima Regency, damaging the social order and disrupting community stability. The community considers witchcraft as a dangerous or evil act, because the motive and purpose of using witchcraft is to torture, and/or kill human souls; Second; The behavior of witchcraft has led to vigilante actions (Eigenrichting) in some people, this is due to the existence of a legal vacuum that has not regulated the act of witchcraft and how to solve it legally. The act of vigilantism (Eigenrichting) appears as a form of reaction that arises from the community due to their rights and comfort being disturbed, which action is manifested in the form of violence as an act of revenge against the perpetrators of witchcraft. The juridical conclusion that the terminology of witchcraft and vigilante acts (Eigenrichting) have not been specifically regulated in the current laws and regulations as prohibited acts and are threatened with punishment. As a suggestion that the terminology and elements of the criminal act of witchcraft in the current Criminal Code Bill need to be expanded further, as well as the system of proving the crime of witchcraft in the Indonesian criminal procedure law needs to obtain further, more complete arrangements.


Keywords


Action; Crime; Vigilante; Witchcraft.

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References


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https://kbbi.web.id/santet accessed on 10 June 2021

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Interview:

Interview with Mr. Abdul Hadi Abdullah, Head of Soro Village in Bima, April 18, 2021, at. 14.00 WITA.

Interview with Mr. Ardin, Soromandi Community in Bima, April 18, 2021, at. 14.00 WITA.

Interview with Mr Ashar H. Abdul Hamid, Head of Parangina Village in Bima, April 09, 2021; o'clock. 10.15 WIT.

Interview with you H. Nasaruddin, Religious Leader in Bima, April 10, 2021, at 17.00 WITA.

Interview with Ismail Sulaiman, religious/customary leader in Bima, April 12, 2021; 4:00 p.m

Interview with Mr. M. Sidik, Bima, Secretary of Kawuwu Village in Bima, April 24, 2021, at 11.30 WITA.

Interview with Quraisin, Head of the Sape District Police Bhima, date, 09 April 2021; O'clock. 10.15 WIT.

Interview with Mr. Rus'am,Lambu District Police Chief in Bima, date, April 12, 2021 at. 09.00 am.

Interview with Mr. Suherman Yusuf, Head of Criminal Investigation Unit of the Sape Police in Bima, April 12, 2021, at. 10.00 am.

Interview with Mr. Syukriadin, Mawu Village Community in Bima, April 16, 2021, at. 10.00 am.

Regulations:

Act No. 1 of 1946 concerning the Criminal Code

Act No. 8 of 1981 concerning the Criminal Procedure Code

Draft Law on Indonesian Criminal Code




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30659/jdh.v4i4.17951

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